Jupiter is the largest planet in our solar system. Jupiter has been crashing for several days, and in this atmosphere of the planet, huge, black traces were formed and the superheated plum in its stratosphere was abolished.
Jupiter has had a large meteorite collision. Twenty-five years ago, humanity first saw a collision between a comet and a planet. From July 16 to 22, 1994, the vast fragments of Comet Shomaker-Levi 9 (SL 9), discovered one year ago, the SL 9 effect gave scientists the opportunity to study a new astronomical phenomenon. And it was also a kind of sign, and there are such big clashes in the solar system right now.
If Jupiter is insecure from these events, then maybe our earth is also there. If comets hit the earth instead of Jupiter, it could create a global atmospheric disaster, just like the event that erupted the dinosaur 65 million years ago. "Shomekar-Levi 9 was a kind of punch in the intestine," said Heidi Hummel, who led NASA's visual-light observations with NASA's Hubble Space Telescope.
The cosmic snowball of the comet frozen gases, the orbiting rock and dust of the sun, is only one kind of object, which can wreak havoc on the planetary objects. Asteroids - Rocky, airless relics are left with the construction of our solar system - there is another. Comet's search. Astronomers Carolyn and Eugene Shomaker and David Levy discovered Comet SL9 in March 1993. Shoemakers were allredy a famous comet-searching astronomical couple, who searched for 32 comets together or separated in their careers.
The calculation indicated that the comet was broken by the planet's gravity to large pieces (about one and a half miles wide), which was orbiting Jupiter, and was affected in July 1994.Other planets and moons are covered in craters. Scientists have recently confirmed that many of our crewers were made from effects rather than volcanic eruptions, like miles-wide (1.6 kilometers wide) meteorite craters and 93-mile wide (150 km) -CV) in Arizona, Mexico Chickenbull Crater in the Gulf. The world's astronomers had one year to prepare for the effects, so many geo-based telescopes from across the world were involved in the campaign.
In this effort, NASA's Infrared Telescope Facility (IRTF) was included. NASA received data from its two spacecraft, Galileo Space Station - which was already on Jupiter's path after launch in 1989, and the Hubble Space Telescope.
Kelly Fast, program manager for NASA's Near Earth Object Observation Program, said, "Shomeker-Levi 9 effects have brought comet researchers, Jupiter atmospheres experts and astronomers together, for the SL9 effects, was fast positioned on its first observation run in the IRTF In the late 1970s, the telescope was designed to support the outer planets, to the outer planets.
It is sensitive to heat, so its images showed very bright spots, the comet fragments affected Jupiter. To see these effects, these giant luminous spots that were visible on the planet Jupiter, the largest planet in our solar system were quite extraordinary. And in reality the effect was not seen by telescopes from the Earth, because this event took place at night in Jupiter. Due to the rotation of the Jupiter Planet, the telescopes found the effect on Earth.
NASA's Galileo spacecraft was at the same time, when the incident happened in Jupiter. Galileo was on his way to study the spacecraft, Jupiter and its moons, and SL 9 was contacting the right geometry to see the pieces of slam in the vastness of the gas. From 238 million kilometers (148 million miles) away, the space shuttle began to draw pictures. But the first good images came from Hubble.
The perfect image quality of Hubble, allowing scientists to mount on Jupiter's cloud top and track the collapsing track. And as slowly as the planet is twisting. Had gone, black traces were shown in its environment, where the fragments of the comet were affected.
Astronomers saw the expansion with unique details in the fields of dark materials, plums shapes and explosions wreck fields. To study the winds of Jupiter, the debris that worked as a marker for scientists on earth was created. Before the event, Cloud Tracking was the primary method, from which it could be seen how the vast atmosphere of gas surrounding the planet delivered the material.
But materials such as ammonia and hydrogen cyanide were taken to the stratosphere below the clouds above Jupiter, which gave scientists a way to track the wind, because those molecules were blown around the planet. Scientists can still detect changes in hydrogen cyanide, in the atmosphere of Jupiter, with the effects.